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The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is based around four guiding principles that shape practice in our school.. They are reflected in our curriculum and its delivery. They are:-

A Unique Child

Every child is a unique child who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.

Positive Relationships

Children learn to be strong and independent through the development of caring, secure and positive relationships with parents/carers and the adults who are supporting them in school.

Enabling Environments

The internal and external environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children’s development and learning with adults teaching and supporting children with different interests and needs.

Learning and Development

Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of learning and development are equally important and inter-connected. The framework covers the education and care of all children in the early years, provision, including children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND).

Foundation Stage Curriculum

The children follow the Early Years Foundation Stage framework (EYFS).  We consider the needs, interests and development of each child to plan challenging, relevant and enjoyable experiences for each child in all areas of learning and development.

There are three prime areas and four specific areas of learning and development in the Foundation Stage Framework curriculum.

Three areas are particularly important for building a foundation for igniting children's curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, forming relationships and thriving. These are the:-

Prime Areas:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSE)
  • Communication and Language
  • Physical Development.

In the Prime Areas, the children learn to:

  • Share, take turns and develop respect for each other.
  • Make friends and become confident independent learners.
  • Behave appropriately when playing with others.
  • Listen to others and understand spoken language to enable children to follow instructions correctly.
  • Learn new words rapidly, use them in conversations and develop their own narratives and explanations.
  • Join in conversations with adults and children.
  • Develop control of their bodies using both large scale movements such as running and jumping and small scale movements such as holding pencils and using scissors..

The prime areas are then strengthened and applied in the specific areas.

Specific Areas:

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design.

In the Specific Areas, the children learn to:-

  • Enjoy sharing books and stories with adults and friends.
  • Begin to read simple sentences using phonic knowledge to decode regular words.
  • Draw, make marks, write letters, words and simple sentences.
  • Count accurately groups of objects and recognise numerals.
  • Add, subtract and problem solve during practical activities.
  • Use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, distance, time, money and shape.
  • Look closely at how things work, why things happen, living things and the natural world.
  • Be imaginative, sing songs, dance and create models, drawings, paintings and stories. 

The children’s learning is further enhanced by the use of the Wild Garden, school grounds, IT Suite, library, and school hall for dance and P.E.  The children also join the school for some assemblies and other special activities. This enables us to feel part of a larger community.

For details of the Foundation Stage Curriculum please see the Statutory Framework for Early Years below.

For more details on our teaching of reading and phonics please see our English section.

Parents' Guide to EYFS

Development Matters is non-statutory guidance for the EYFS.

Development Matters - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

Birth to 5 Matters is non-statutory guidance for the EYFS.

Birth To 5 Matters – Guidance by the sector, for the sector


‘What to expect, when?’ is an easy to use guide for parents on their child’s learning and development in the EYFS.


If you cannot find the information you are looking for, please contact us.

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